The laryngeal adductor reflex (LAR) is a life-sustaining airway protective mechanism that serves to shield the lower airways from inhaled foreign bodies. Over the past half century, the LAR has been extensively investigated and its dysfunction has been linked to far-ranging pathologies, from dysphagia to sudden infant death syndrome. Over the past 6 years, specific electromyographic waves in the LAR response have been used to devise a methodology for monitoring the vagus and recurrently laryngeal nerves during surgical procedures. This methodology involves continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring of the laryngeal adductor reflex and isthus termed ‘LAR-CIONM’. In this review paper, the physiology of the LAR will be summarized as it relates to LAR-CIONM and the technique of LAR-CIONM will be described. Applications of this technique and published outcomes of LAR-CIONM will be highlighted.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Innovative Surgical Sciences|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2022|
- recurrent laryngeal nerve
- vocal cord palsy