Background: Chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) is associated with poor long-term outcomes. Although prompt revascularization is recommended, the optimal revascularization strategy remains uncertain. The BEST-CLI trial compared endovascular and open surgical revascularization for CLTI, but the generalizability of this study to the clinical population with CLTI has not been evaluated. Methods: We included Medicare beneficiaries aged 65-85 years with CLTI who underwent revascularization and would be eligible for enrollment in BEST-CLI between 2016 and 2019. The primary exposure was type of revascularization (endovascular vs autologous graft [cohort 1] vs nonautologous graft [cohort 2]), and the primary outcome was a composite of major adverse limb events (MALE) and death. MALE included above-ankle amputation and major intervention, which was defined as new bypass of index limb, thrombectomy, or thrombolysis. Results: A total of 66,153 patients were included in this study (10,125 autologous grafts; 7867 nonautologous grafts; 48,161 endovascular). Compared with those enrolled in BEST-CLI cohort 1, patients in this study were older (mean age, 73.5 ± 5.7 vs 69.9 ± 9.9 years), more likely to be female (38.3% [22,340/58,286] vs 28.5% [408/1434]), and presented with more comorbidities. Endovascular operators for the study population vs BEST-CLI cohort 1 were less likely to be surgeons (55.9% [26,924/48,148] vs 73.0% [520/708]) and more likely to be cardiologists (25.5% [5900/48,148] vs 14.5% [103/78]). When assessing long-term outcomes, the crude risk of death or MALE in this cohort was higher with surgery (56.6% autologous grafts vs 42.6% BEST-CLI cohort 1 at a median of follow-up 2.7 years; 51.6% nonautologous grafts vs 42.8% BEST-CLI cohort 2 at a median follow-up of 1.6 years) but similar with the endovascular cohort (58.7% Medicare vs 57.4% cohort 1 at 2.7 years; 47.0% Medicare vs 47.7% cohort 2 at 1.6 years). Of those who received endovascular treatment, the risk of incident major intervention was less than half in this cohort compared with the trial cohort (10.0% Medicare vs 23.5% cohort 1 at 2.7 years; 8.6% Medicare vs 25.6% cohort 2 at 1.6 years), although technical endovascular failures were not captured. Conclusions: These results suggest that the findings of the BEST-CLI trial may not be applicable to the entirety of the Medicare population of patients with CLTI undergoing revascularization.
|Journal||Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2023|
- chronic limb-threatening ischemia