Contemporary Decongestion Strategies in Patients Hospitalized for Heart Failure: A National Community-Based Cohort Study

Jimmy Zheng, Andrew P. Ambrosy, Ankeet S. Bhatt, Sean P. Collins, Kelsey M. Flint, Gregg C. Fonarow, Marat Fudim, Stephen J. Greene, Anuradha Lala, Jeffrey M. Testani, Anubodh S. Varshney, Ryan S.K. Wi, Alexander T. Sandhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of hospitalization in the United States. Decongestion remains a central goal of inpatient management, but contemporary decongestion practices and associated weight loss have not been well characterized nationally. Objectives: This study aimed to describe contemporary inpatient diuretic practices and clinical predictors of weight loss in patients hospitalized for HF. Methods: The authors identified HF hospitalizations from 2015 to 2022 in a U.S. national database aggregating deidentified patient-level electronic health record data across 31 geographically diverse community-based health systems. The authors report patient characteristics and inpatient weight change as a primary indicator of decongestion. Predictors of weight loss were evaluated using multivariable models. Temporal trends in inpatient diuretic practices, including augmented diuresis strategies such as adjunctive thiazides and continuous diuretic infusions, were assessed. Results: The study cohort included 262,673 HF admissions across 165,482 unique patients. The median inpatient weight loss was 5.3 pounds (Q1-Q3: 0.0-12.8 pounds) or 2.4 kg (Q1-Q3: 0.0-5.8 kg). Discharge weight was higher than admission weight in 20% of encounters. An increase of ≥0.3 mg/dL in serum creatinine from admission to inpatient peak occurred in >30% of hospitalizations and was associated with less weight loss. Adjunctive diuretic agents were utilized in <20% of encounters but were associated with greater weight loss. Conclusions: In a large-scale U.S. community-based cohort study of HF hospitalizations, estimated weight loss from inpatient decongestion remains highly variable, with weight gain observed across many admissions. Augmented diuresis strategies were infrequently used. Comparative effectiveness trials are needed to establish optimal strategies for inpatient decongestion for acute HF.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • decongestion
  • diuretics
  • health services
  • heart failure
  • hospitalization

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Contemporary Decongestion Strategies in Patients Hospitalized for Heart Failure: A National Community-Based Cohort Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this