Conformational Plasticity in Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies Triggers Polyreactivity

Julie Prigent, Annaëlle Jarossay, Cyril Planchais, Caroline Eden, Jérémy Dufloo, Ayrin Kök, Valérie Lorin, Oxana Vratskikh, Thérèse Couderc, Timothée Bruel, Olivier Schwartz, Michael S. Seaman, Oliver Ohlenschläger, Jordan D. Dimitrov, Hugo Mouquet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human high-affinity antibodies to pathogens often recognize unrelated ligands. The molecular origin and the role of this polyreactivity are largely unknown. Here, we report that HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) are frequently polyreactive, cross-reacting with non-HIV-1 molecules, including self-antigens. Mutating bNAb genes to increase HIV-1 binding and neutralization also results in de novo polyreactivity. Unliganded paratopes of polyreactive bNAbs with improved HIV-1 neutralization exhibit a conformational flexibility, which contributes to enhanced affinity of bNAbs to various HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins and non-HIV antigens. Binding adaptation of polyreactive bNAbs to the divergent ligands mainly involves hydrophophic interactions. Plasticity of bNAbs’ paratopes may, therefore, facilitate accommodating divergent viral variants, but it simultaneously triggers promiscuous binding to non-HIV-1 antigens. Thus, a certain level of polyreactivity can be a mark of adaptable antibodies displaying optimal pathogens’ recognition. HIV-1 bNAbs are frequently polyreactive and bind to self-antigens. Prigent et al. show that specific mutations in bNAbs that enhance their neutralizing capacity create an intrinsic structural flexibility of the antibody paratope. This promotes the conformational adaptation that facilitates binding to HIV-1 variants and polyreactivity to topologically distinct non-HIV-1 molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2568-2581
Number of pages14
JournalCell Reports
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B cells
  • HIV-1
  • antibody
  • autoreactivity
  • polyreactivity

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