Conduction velocity is reduced in the posterior wall of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with normal bipolar voltage undergoing ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Sohail Zahid, Tahir Malik, Connor Peterson, Constantine Tarabanis, Matthew Dai, Moshe Katz, Scott A. Bernstein, Chirag Barbhaiya, David S. Park, Robert J. Knotts, Douglas S. Holmes, Alexander Kushnir, Anthony Aizer, Larry A. Chinitz, Lior Jankelson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: We investigated characteristics of left atrial conduction in patients with HCM, paroxysmal AF and normal bipolar voltage. Background: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) exhibit abnormal cardiac tissue arrangement. The incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increased fourfold in patients with HCM and confers a fourfold increased risk of death. Catheter ablation is less effective in HCM, with twofold increased risk of AF recurrence. The mechanisms of AF perpetuation in HCM are poorly understood. Methods: We analyzed 20 patients with HCM and 20 controls presenting for radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal AF normal left atrial voltage(> 0.5 mV). Intracardiac electrograms were extracted from the CARTO mapping system and analyzed using Matlab/Python code interfacing with Core OpenEP software. Conduction velocity maps were calculated using local activation time gradients. Results: There were no differences in baseline demographics, atrial size, or valvular disease between HCM and control patients. Patients with HCM had significantly reduced atrial conduction velocity compared to controls (0.44 ± 0.17 vs 0.56 ± 0.10 m/s, p = 0.01), despite no significant differences in bipolar voltage amplitude (1.23 ± 0.38 vs 1.20 ± 0.41 mV, p = 0.76). There was a statistically significant reduction in conduction velocity in the posterior left atrium in HCM patients relative to controls (0.43 ± 0.18 vs 0.58 ± 0.10 m/s, p = 0.003), but not in the anterior left atrium (0.46 ± 0.17 vs 0.55 ± 0.10 m/s, p = 0.05). There was a significant association between conduction velocity and interventricular septal thickness (slope = -0.013, R2 = 0.13, p = 0.03). Conclusions: Atrial conduction velocity is significantly reduced in patients with HCM and paroxysmal AF, possibly contributing to arrhythmia persistence after catheter ablation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-210
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biomedical engineering
  • Cardiac electrophysiology
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

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