Concurrent chronic lymphocytic leukemia cutis and acute myelogenous leukemia cutis in a patient with untreated CLL

Michael K. Miller, James A. Strauchen, Khanh T. Nichols, Robert G. Phelps

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients who have chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are known to have a high frequency of second malignant neoplasms. However, acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) occurring concurrent with or after a diagnosis of CLL is extremely rare. In this article we report a case of AML developing in a 55-year-old male with a 6-year history of untreated CLL. The diagnosis was facilitated by touch preparation of a skin punch biopsy specimen. The patient presented with a two-week history of fever, weakness, anasarca, and a skin rash. Physical examination revealed pink to skin-colored firm papules, which coalesced into indurated plaques on his trunk, upper extremities, and face. The lesions, in combination with generalized edema, produced a leonine facies. Touch prep of the biopsy showed medium to large blasts, large monocytoid cells, and numerous small mature lymphocytes, providing the preliminary diagnosis of a second, previously undiagnosed myelomonocytic malignancy in this patient. The initial diagnosis was subsequently confirmed by histologic, cytochemical, immunohistochemical and flow cytometry studies. This is the first reported case of CLL with concurrent AML in which rapid touch prep of a skin punch biopsy facilitated diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-340
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Dermatopathology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Acute myelogenous leukemia
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Punch biopsy
  • Touch prep

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