The combination of radiotherapy and carboplatin is associated with high response rates among women who have cervical cancer. To improve control rates for patients who have locally advanced carcinoma of the uterine cervix, oncologists have explored combinations of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Carboplatin is an analogue of cisplatin, with similar efficacy against cervix cancer and a toxicity profile that is theoretically appealing for this group of patients because it is not nephrotoxic. Fifteen women with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages IB2 through IIIB or recurrent carcinoma of the cervix were treated with megavoltage irradiation and weekly intravenous carboplatin (7 women, 60 mg/m2; 8 women, 90 mg/m2). Response was documented among all patients treated at 60 mg/m2 (three complete responses, four partial responses) and in 6 women treated with 90 mg/m2 (four complete responses, two partial responses). The two nonresponders in the series presented with recurrent glassy cell carcinoma of the cervix. All patients completed the planned course of therapy without the need for treatment interruption. At 60 mg/m2, one dose of carboplatin was withheld because of grade 2 thrombocytopenia. At 90 mg/m2, one case of grade 2 leukopenia was documented. The leukocyte counts remained within normal limits for all 3 patients who were irradiated through extended portals that encompassed the paraaortic nodes (2 women, 60 mg/m2; 1 woman, 90 mg/m2). To date, 2 of 7 patients treated at the lower dose level have died of disease (one local progression and distant failure at 11 months, one distant failure alone at 6 months). The remaining patients treated at 60 mg/m2 are alive at a median of 24 months (range, 21-37 months). Among those treated at the higher dose level, 1 patient is alive with local and distant failure at 14 months, and I woman succumbed to local and distant disease at 4 months. The remainder are alive at a median follow-up of 6 months (range, 2-10 months). The regimen was unsuccessful in salvaging women with recurrent glassy cell carcinoma. We conclude that the combination of radiotherapy and carboplatin can be safely delivered at both of the chemotherapy schedules studied. The regimen should not be offered to women who have recurrent glassy cell tumors. To prove the efficacy of this approach, phase III testing should be considered that compares the combination of agents to irradiation alone.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|State||Published - Feb 1998|
- Cervix cancer