Computerized three-class classification of MRI-based prognostic markers for breast cancer

Neha Bhooshan, Maryellen Giger, Darrin Edwards, Yading Yuan, Sanaz Jansen, Hui Li, Li Lan, Husain Sattar, Gillian Newstead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study is to investigate whether computerized analysis using three-class Bayesian artificial neural network (BANN) feature selection and classification can characterize tumor grades (grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3) of breast lesions for prognostic classification on DCE-MRI. A database of 26 IDC grade 1 lesions, 86 IDC grade 2 lesions and 58 IDC grade 3 lesions was collected. The computer automatically segmented the lesions, and kinetic and morphological lesion features were automatically extracted. The discrimination tasks - grade 1 versus grade 3, grade 2 versus grade 3, and grade 1 versus grade 2 lesions - were investigated. Step-wise feature selection was conducted by three-class BANNs. Classification was performed with three-class BANNs using leave-one-lesion-out cross-validation to yield computer-estimated probabilities of being grade 3 lesion, grade 2 lesion and grade 1 lesion. Two-class ROC analysis was used to evaluate the performances. We achieved AUC values of 0.80 0.05, 0.78 0.05 and 0.62 0.05 for grade 1 versus grade 3, grade 1 versus grade 2, and grade 2 versus grade 3, respectively. This study shows the potential for (1) applying three-class BANN feature selection and classification to CADx and (2) expanding the role of DCE-MRI CADx from diagnostic to prognostic classification in distinguishing tumor grades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5995-6008
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number18
StatePublished - 21 Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes


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