Complete tracheal rings and hypoplastic left heart variant: A rare and fatal association

Neha Bansal, Deemah R. Mahadin, Sanjeev Aggarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Congenital complete tracheal rings are usually associated with pulmonary slings. We report a rare association of congenital complete tracheal rings with hypoplastic left heart variant. A term infant with diagnosis of a mildly hypoplastic mitral valve, unicuspid aortic valve, and moderately hypoplastic aortic arch with severe coarctation underwent a hybrid procedure initially. Upon failing extubation attempts, complete tracheal rings were seen on direct laryngoscopy. The combination of the lesions resulted in a poor outcome. In patients with failure of extubation post-cardiac surgery, a diagnosis of complete tracheal rings should be included in the differential and a direct laryngoscopy should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-447
Number of pages3
JournalCardiology in the Young
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Complete tracheal rings
  • hypoplastic left heart
  • unicuspid aortic valve


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