Complement factor H 402H variant and reticular macular disease

R. Theodore Smith, Joanna E. Merriam, Mahsa A. Sohrab, Nicole M. Pumariega, Gaetano Barile, Anna M. Blonska, Raymond Haans, David Madigan, Rando Allikmets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association of high-risk alleles in the complement factor H (CFH; Y402H, rs1061170) and age-related maculopathy susceptibility (ARMS2; A69S, rs10490924) genes with reticular macular disease (RMD), a major clinical subphenotype of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Using retinal images from the Columbia Macular Genetics Study, we identified 67 subject individuals with RMD. A comparison group of 64 subjects with AMD without RMD was matched by ethnicity, age, sex, and AMD clinical stage. Results: In the RMD group, 53 of 67 subjects (79.1%) were female, the mean age was 83 years, and 47 of 67 (70.1%) had late AMD, with closely matched values in the non-RMD group. The frequencies of the CFH 402H allele were 39.6% in the RMD group (53 of 134 individuals) and 58.6% in the non-RMD group (75 of 128 individuals) (χ2=8.8; P=.003; odds ratio, 0.46 [95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.76]). The corresponding frequencies of the risk allele for ARMS2 were 44.0% (40 of 128 individuals) and 31.3% (40 of 128 individuals), respectively (χ2=4.0; P=.045; odds ratio, 1.73 [95% confidence interval, 1.04-2.90]). Homozygosity for 402Hwas particularly associated with the absence of RMD, occurring in 8 of 67 subjects (11.9%) with RMD vs 24 of 64 subjects (37.5%) without RMD (P<.001). Retinal macular disease also was associated with hypertension among male patients. Conclusions: The AMD-associated CFH 402H risk variant is significantly associated with the absence of RMD but enhanced risk for RMD is conferred by the ARMS2 69S AMD risk allele. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that 402H may confer a survival benefit against certain infections, some of which may cause RMD. Clinical Relevance: Reticular macular disease may be genetically distinct from the rest of AMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1061-1066
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Volume129
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

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