Comparison of a Valveless Trocar System and Conventional Insufflation in Pediatric Urologic Surgery

Austin L. Chien, Sai Krishnaraya Doppalapudi, John L. Pfail, Grace Lee, Mark Mikhail, Brittany Ahuja, Emmanuel Tadjou Tito, Usman Shah, Joseph Barone, Haris Ahmed, Sammy Elsamra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Conventional operative insufflation uses a one-way trocar to handle instruments while maintaining pneumoperitoneum. In 2007, the AirSeal® valveless trocar insufflation system was introduced, which maintains stable pneumoperitoneum while continuously evacuating smoke. Although this device has been validated in adult patients, it has not been extensively validated in the pediatric population. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study of pediatric urology patients aged 0 to 21 who underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty between March 2016 and October 2021 was performed. Intraoperative physiologic parameters, procedure characteristics, postoperative outcomes, and demographics of each patient in whom either AirSeal insufflation system (AIS) or conventional insufflation system (CIS) was utilized were obtained from hospital records. Data were compared across the AIS and CIS cohorts. The primary outcomes were intraoperative anesthetic and physiologic parameters, including end tidal carbon dioxide, oxygen saturation, body temperature, positive inspiratory pressure, systolic blood pressure, and heart rate. Results: There were no significant differences in the anesthetic and physiologic parameters in the AIS and CIS groups. In addition, no differences in demographics, procedural characteristics, or complication rates were found between the cohorts. Conclusion: The AirSeal valveless trocar insufflation system demonstrates comparable intraoperative anesthetic and physiologic outcomes compared to conventional one-way valve insufflation in pediatric laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Certain surgeon-related qualitative metrics are underappreciated in this study, however, including improved visualization with vigorous suctioning and pressure maintenance with frequent instrument exchanges. Surgeon experience may mask the benefits of these characteristics as it pertains to quantitative surgical outcomes such as estimated blood loss, operative time, and perioperative complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • hemodynamics
  • insufflation
  • pneumoperitoneum
  • valveless trocar

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