Comparing Suicide Risk Factors Among Individuals with a History of Aborted, Interrupted, and Actual Suicide Attempts

Megan L. Rogers, Melanie A. Hom, Sean P. Dougherty, Austin J. Gallyer, Thomas E. Joiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent standardized nomenclature has suggested distinctions among aborted, interrupted, and actual suicide attempts. This study examined differences in self-reported symptoms among individuals with a history of aborted, interrupted, and actual suicide attempts. 167 young adults with a history of suicidality completed self-report measures of suicide attempt history and current symptoms, a clinical interview assessing past suicidal behavior, and a pain tolerance task. Only 78.8% of participants who initially reported a suicide attempt history were classified as suicide attempters following the clinical interview. Individuals who reported only aborted attempts during the clinical interview reported less severe clinical symptoms than those reporting a history of at least one actual attempt. Individuals with a history of actual suicide attempts may represent a more clinically severe group than those with a history of aborted attempts only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-74
Number of pages18
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume24
Issue numbersup1
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • aborted
  • classification
  • interrupted
  • risk factors
  • suicide attempts

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