Comparing off-season with in-season alcohol consumption among intercollegiate athletes

Matthew P. Martens, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Christy Duffy-Paiement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intercollegiate athletes have been identified as an at-risk group for heavy alcohol consumption. The purpose of the present study was to use a longitudinal design to assess for off-season versus in-season differences in alcohol consumption within a sample of intercollegiate athletes. Previous research has suggested that athletes drink less during their competitive seasons, but conclusions from this body of research have been tempered by methodological limitations in the previous studies. Results from 160 athletes competing at the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I level indicated that alcohol use and negative alcohol-related consequences decreased during the athletes' competitive seasons. These results are interpreted in terms of the theory of planned behavior and social norms theory. Implications for alcohol prevention programs among college athletes are also addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-510
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol use
  • College students
  • Risk factors

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