Comparing attentional networks in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and the inattentive and combined subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Libbe Kooistra, Susan Crawford, Ben Gibbard, Bonnie J. Kaplan, Jin Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Attention Network Test (ANT) was used to examine alerting, orienting, and executive control in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) versus attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 113 children aged 7 to 10 years (31 ADHD-Combined, 16 ADHD-Primarily Inattentive, 28 FASD, 38 controls). Incongruent flanker trials triggered slower responses in both the ADHD-Combined and the FASD groups. Abnormal conflict scores in these same two groups provided additional evidence for the presence of executive function deficits. The ADHD-Primarily Inattentive group was indistinguishable from the controls on all three ANT indices, which highlights the possibility that this group constitutes a pathologically distinct entity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-577
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Neuropsychology
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

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