Comparative evaluation of refractive surgery candidates with Placido topography, Orbscan II, Pentacam, and wavefront analysis

Mohammad Reza Nilforoushan, Mark Speaker, Michael Marmor, Jodi Abramson, William Tullo, Dana Morschauser, Robert Latkany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To study the role of the Pentacam (Oculus), Orbscan II (Bausch & Lomb), and WaveScan (Visx) in evaluating topographic features identified as risk factors for ectasia after laser in situ keratomileusis to identify parameters that may be important in interpreting elevation topography and wavefront data when screening refractive surgery candidates. Setting: Private practice, New York, New York, USA. Methods: One hundred forty-five eyes of 75 consecutive patients were evaluated for refractive surgery by ultrasound pachymetry (Humphrey Atlas), videokeratography, WaveScan, Orbscan II, and Pentacam. Eyes were classified as normal or suspect based on the Rabinowitz criteria for keratoconus suspect on Placido disk-based videokeratography. Forty-six parameters were evaluated in a comparison of topographically normal eyes and eyes that met the criteria for keratoconus suspect. Results: The suspect group had thinner pachymetry, multiple distinguishing characteristics on the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces by elevation topography, and larger amounts of coma by wavefront analysis. Multivariable regression analysis identified the following as the strongest predictors of a suspect Placido topography: Pentacam, thinner pachymetry and larger differences between the highest and lowest points on the posterior elevation; Orbscan II, higher anterior maximum elevation, horizontal location of the thinnest point on the pachymetry map, and larger differences between the highest and lowest points on the posterior elevation. Conclusion: Several parameters provided by the Pentacam, Orbscan II, WaveScan, and pachymetry were statistically correlated with keratoconus suspect, defined by higher asymmetry and steeper curvature on Placido topography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-631
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes

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