Common musculoskeletal diagnoses of upper and lower extremities in older patients

Erika Yamada, David C. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Older adults have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints. Most musculoskeletal pain in the joints of the upper and lower extremities, especially hips, knees, and hands, is associated with the degenerative changes of osteoarthritis. Older adults may also develop tendonitis and bursitis, as well as inflammatory joint and muscle disease. We discuss common musculoskeletal diagnoses at major joints of the upper and lower extremities, their clinical presentation, physical exam findings, and special treatment considerations. Understanding and addressing pain in older adults can be challenging, as patients often have multiple comorbidities and are on many medications. Accurate diagnosis of the etiologies of musculoskeletal pain and a multidisciplinary approach to treatment is important to preserve quality of life for older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-557
Number of pages12
JournalMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • bursitis
  • musculoskeletal pain
  • older adults
  • osteoarthritis
  • tendonitis

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