Commissural vs Coronary Alignment to Avoid Coronary Overlap With THV-Commissure in TAVR: A CT-Simulation Study

Manish Vinayak, Gilbert H.L. Tang, Keva Li, Megan Berdan, Anoop N. Koshy, Sahil Khera, Stamatios Lerakis, George D. Dangas, Samin K. Sharma, Annapoorna S. Kini, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Coronary alignment is proposed as an alternative to commissural alignment for reducing coronary overlap during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). However, largescale studies are lacking. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the incidence of coronary overlap with commissural vs coronary alignment using computed tomography (CT) simulation in patients undergoing TAVR evaluation. Methods: In 1,851 CT scans of native aortic stenosis patients undergoing TAVR evaluation (April 2018 to December 2022),virtual valves simulating commissural and coronary alignment were superimposed on axial aortic root images. Coronary overlap was assessed based on the angular gap between coronary artery origin and the nearest transcatheter heart valve commissure, categorized as severe (≤15°), moderate (15°-30°), mild (30°-45°), and no-overlap (45°-60°). Results: The overall incidence of moderate/severe and severe overlap with either coronary artery remained rare with either coronary or commissural alignment (coronary 0.52% left, 0.52% right; commissural 0.30% left, 3.27% right). Comparing techniques, coronary alignment reduced moderate/severe overlap only for the right coronary artery (0.38% vs 2.97%; P < 0.0001). For the left coronary artery, both techniques showed similar moderate/severe overlap, but commissural alignment had significantly higher no-overlap rates (91.1% vs 84.9%; P < 0.0001). Fluoroscopic angle during valve deployment was strongly correlated between commissural and coronary alignment (r = 0.80; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Using CT simulation, the incidence of coronary overlap with transcatheter heart valve-commissure is rare with commissural alignment. Coronary alignment reduced right coronary overlap, whereas commissural alignment had higher rates of no left coronary overlap. Coronary alignment should be reserved only when commissural alignment results in severe coronary overlap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-726
Number of pages12
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • TAVR
  • commissural alignment
  • coronary alignment

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