Substantial scientific interest has been dedicated recently to the crucial factors that control the pluripotent state of stem cells. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the molecular mechanisms regulating mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) self-renewal and lineage differentiation, we have developed a robust method for studying the role of a particular gene in these processes. This protocol describes detailed procedures for the design and generation of the complementation rescue system and its application in dissecting the network of pluripotency-associated factors, using mESCs as a model. Specifically, three main procedures are described: (i) screening pluripotency-associated factors by competition assay; (ii) setting up an inducible complementation rescue system; and (iii) dynamically studying the pluripotency network response to target depletion. Completion of the competition assay and complementation rescue system takes 35 and 30 d, respectively, and an additional 16 d to study the dynamic molecular effects of a gene of interest in the pluripotency network.