Combined Interleukin-l/3/Interleukin-6 Treatment in Mice: Synergistic Myelostimulatory Activity and Myeiorestorative Effect after Cyclophosphamide-induced Myelosuppression

E. Proietti, G. Greco, F. Belardelli

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have studied the effects of single and combined treatment with recombinant human interleukin 10 (IL-1β) and recombinant human interleukin-6 (IL-6) on spleen and bone marrow hematopoiesis in normal and cyclophosphamide-treated mice. Injection of IL-1β alone resulted in a significant increase in the number of granulocytes and splenic progenitors [burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E) and colony-forming units-granulomonocytic (CFU-GM)] as compared with control mice but did not markedly enhance the number of bone marrow BFU-E and CFU-GM. IL-6 alone had little effect on the number of splenic progenitors but significantly increased the number of marrow BFU-E and CFU-GM, especially after a 6-day cytokine treatment Combined daily administration of IL-1β and IL-6 for 3 days resulted in a synergistic stimulation of hematopoiesis as evaluated by the number of spleen and bone marrow CFU-GM and BFU-E colonies. Likewise, IL-10/IL-6 markedly enhanced the number of circulating neutrophils, whereas each cytokine alone had little or no effect. When the numbers of spleen progenitors and peripheral granulocytes were determined 1 day after the last injection, a synergistic myelostimulatory effect of combined IL-1β/IL-6 treatment was observed at all doses (IL-1β, 0.25-0.5 μg; IL-6, 1-20 μg). Furthermore, combined treatment with IL-1β/IL-6 accelerated and potentiated the recovery of myeloid cells after cyclophosphamide injection, whereas the single regimen treatment was not effective. Particularly, the rebound of WBC (especially neutrophilic granulocytes) after cyclophosphamide treatment was markedly enhanced by the combined treatment, whereas the single regimen was ineffective. Altogether these results may contribute to the development of combination therapies with cytokines and antiblastic agents in the treatment of cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6469-6476
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume54
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes

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