Combined fetal fibronectin and cervical length and spontaneous preterm birth in asymptomatic triplet pregnancies

Nathan S. Fox, Andrei Rebarber, Ashley S. Roman, Chad K. Klauser, Danielle Peress, Daniel H. Saltzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the association between fetal fibronectin (fFN), cervical length (CL), and spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in asymptomatic women with triplet pregnancies. Study design: A cohort of 39 consecutive women with triplet pregnancies managed in one Maternal-Fetal medicine practice from 20052011 was analyzed. Combined fFN and CL testing was performed every 2 weeks from 2232 weeks. A short CL was defined as ≤20 mm. Results: A positive fFN was significantly associated with SPTB <28 weeks, <30 weeks, <32 weeks, and <34 weeks. A short CL was significantly associated with SPTB <32 weeks. On combined testing, having both tests positive was associated with the highest likelihood of SPTB at all gestational ages. As a screening test for SPTB <32 weeks, having both a positive fFN and a short CL had a sensitivity of 62.5%, specificity of 90%, positive predictive value of 62.5%, negative predictive value of 90%, positive likelihood ration of 2.98 and negative likelihood ratio of 0.88. Combined fFN and CL outperformed fFN alone, CL alone, or either test being positive alone. Conclusions: In asymptomatic women with triplet pregnancies, fFN and CL are each significantly associated with SPTB. For the prediction of SPTB, combined fFN and CL testing outperforms either test alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2308-2311
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Cervical length
  • Fetal fibronectin
  • Preterm birth
  • Triplets

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