Cognitive styles in mood disorders: Discriminative ability of unipolar and bipolar cognitive profiles

Benjamin G. Shapero, Jonathan P. Stange, Kim E. Goldstein, Chelsea L. Black, Ashleigh R. Molz, Elissa J. Hamlat, Shimrit K. Black, Angelo S. Boccia, Lyn Y. Abramson, Lauren B. Alloy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Although previous research has identified cognitive styles that distinguish individuals with bipolar disorder (BD), individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD), and individuals without mood disorders from one another, findings have been inconsistent. The current study included 381 participants classified into a BD group, an MDD group, and a no mood disorder group. To differentiate between these groups, this study evaluated cognitive styles with a battery of traditional and more recently developed measures. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analyses were used to determine the discriminate ability of variables with significant between group differences. Results supported that BD and MDD may be characterized by distinct cognitive styles. Given work showing that interventions for MDD may not be effective at treating BD, it is important to directly compare individuals with these disorders. By clarifying the overlapping and divergent cognitive styles characterizing BD and MDD, research can not only improve diagnostic validity, but also provide more efficacious and effective interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-60
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Cognitive Therapy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


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