Cognitive rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury: Assessment to treatment

Theodore Tsaousides, Wayne A. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cognitive rehabilitation refers to a set of interventions that aim to improve a person's ability to perform cognitive tasks by retraining previously learned skills and teaching compensatory strategies. Cognitive rehabilitation begins with a thorough neuropsychological assessment to identify cognitive strengths and weaknesses and the degree of change in cognitive ability following a brain injury. The conclusions of the assessment are used to formulate appropriate treatment plans. Common interventions for improvements in attention, memory, and executive function, as well as the nature of comprehensive programs, which combine treatment modalities, are reviewed. Cognitive rehabilitation is effective for mild-to-severe injuries and beneficial at any time post-injury. Sufficient evidence exists supporting the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation, which has become the treatment of choice for cognitive impairments and leads to improvements in cognitive and psychosocial functioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-181
Number of pages9
JournalMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Cognitive deficits
  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Comprehensive day treatment
  • Executive function
  • Memory
  • Traumatic brain injury

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