Cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis - training practices and dissemination in the United States

D. Kimhy, N. Tarrier, S. Essock, D. Malaspina, D. Cabannis, A. T. Beck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Objective: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is an evidence-based treatment for psychosis-related disorders. However, despite the strong evidence-base and inclusion in national treatment guidelines, CBTp remains poorly disseminated in the US. It is proposed that this state is a product of lack of CBTp knowledge among clinical training leaders along with limited availability of training opportunities.Method: We surveyed training directors in US psychiatry residency and clinical psychology doctoral programs to characterize the penetration of CBTp training and to assess their familiarity with basic CBTp facts.Results: Directors displayed limited knowledge of CBTp effectiveness, with only 50% of psychiatry and 40% of psychology directors believing that CBTp is efficacious. Only 10% of psychiatry and 30% of psychology directors were aware that the CBTp evidence-base is based on meta-analyses. While 45% of all directors reported that their program offer CBTp training, trainees received limited training - 4 hours of didactics, 21 hours of treatment, and 12 hours of supervision.Conclusions: CBTp dissemination in the US is characterized by training directors' minimal awareness of the CBTp evidence-base along with training opportunities that are so limited as to be unlikely to be adequate to provide CBTp effectively, hence unlikely to improve patients' psychoses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-305
Number of pages10
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • CBT training
  • clinical psychology
  • graduate students
  • psychiatry
  • psychosis
  • residents
  • schizophrenia
  • survey
  • training directors


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