Cognition Checklist for Mania-Revised

Aaron T. Beck, Michael J. Colis, Robert A. Steer, Leslie Madrak, Joseph F. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The Cognitive Checklist for Mania-Revised (CCL-M-R), which measures the severity of maladaptive beliefs and cognitions associated with mania, was administered to 35 inpatients with a major depressive disorder, 20 inpatients with a schizoaffective disorder, and 45 inpatients with a bipolar I disorder to determine whether cognitions associated with mania differentiate patients who have most recently experienced either manic, mixed, or depressive episodes. The CCL-M-R is composed of four subscales assessing (a) exaggerated beliefs about self-worth (Myself), (b) grandiose beliefs about interpersonal relationships (Relationships), (c) erroneous beliefs about needing excitement from engaging in high risk situations (Pleasure/Excitement), and (d) unrealistic beliefs about having high energy levels for undertaking goal-driven activities (Activity). As hypothesized, the mean CCL-M-R total, Myself, Relationships, and Activity scores of the 26 patients with manic episodes were higher than those for either the 17 patients with mixed episodes or the 57 with depressive episodes. The CCL-M-R was discussed as a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the severity of maladaptive cognitions associated with mania in psychiatric patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-240
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Research
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 7 Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Bipolar disorder
  • Cognitions
  • Measurement
  • Mood disorder
  • Schizoaffective disorder


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