7 Scopus citations


The utilization of assisted reproductive technology (ART), particularly by same-sex female couples (SSFCs), has increased over the past few decades. Alongside the increase in use by lesbian women, there has also been an increase in the number of available treatment options. The process by which SSFCs make the various decisions associated with conceiving and parenting, however, has been largely overlooked. This review provides an overview of the reproductive treatments available to lesbian women and specifically highlights the biological and social obstacles they must overcome on their journey to parenthood. This review also describes how a relatively novel treatment strategy, co-in vitro fertilization, can give couples greater flexibility and provide them with the unique opportunity of a shared biological motherhood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-419
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Reproductive Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2017


  • Same-sex female couples
  • co-IVF
  • family building
  • lesbians
  • reproduction medicine


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