Clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes of endometrial Cancer patients with mismatch repair deficiency in the era of universal Lynch syndrome screening

Caitlin Carr, Jessica Son, Meng Yao, Anju Priyadarshini, Jessica Marquard, Roberto Vargas, Chad Michener, Mariam M. AlHilli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate clinicopathologic characteristics and survival impact associated with mismatch repair (MMR) deficient subgroups of endometrial cancer (EC) in patients undergoing universal screening for Lynch Syndrome. Methods: A retrospective cohort study using a prospectively maintained gynecologic oncology registry of patients who underwent surgery for EC was conducted. All pathology specimens underwent tumor testing using immunohistochemistry for MMR deficiency with reflex MLH1 promotor methylation testing. Tumors were classified as MMR-I (intact MMR expression), MMR-DM (MMR deficient due to MLH1 methylation), and MMR-DU (MMR deficient without MLH1 methylation). Univariate and multivariate analysis performed to determine factors associated with MMR-DM. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) analyzed by stage and endometrioid subgroup. Results: From 2012 to 2016, 1018 EC patients were identified and screened. Overall, 71.6% were classified as MMR-I, 23.8% MMR-DM, and 4.6% MMR-DU. In comparison to MMR-DU, MMR-DM tumors were associated with older age, postmenopausal status, lymphovascular space invasion, and pure endometrioid histology. Compared to MMR-I, MMR-DM tumors were associated with older age, endometrioid histology, lymphovascular space invasion, and higher grade on multivariable analysis. There was no difference in PFS and OS between the three groups overall. In patients with endometrioid EC, MMR-DM tumors were associated with lower PFS vs. MMR-I (HR:2.51, CI:1.54, 4.10, P < 0.001). This effect persisted for stage I/II endometrioid EC (HR 2.66, CI:1.34, 5.26 p = 0.005). No difference in PFS or OS was noted among stage III/IV endometrioid tumors. Conclusion: MMR deficiency is associated with adverse prognostic factors and worse PFS among endometrioid tumors, particularly in early stage EC. MMR testing outside of LS screening has prognostic value, warranting consideration for inclusion as a biomarker in prospective clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-720
Number of pages9
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume159
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Endometrial cancer
  • Endometrioid endometrial cancer
  • Mismatch repair deficiency

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