Clinical signs and characteristics of exfoliation syndrome and exfoliative glaucoma in Northern China

Ruojin Ren, Jingwen Ding, Ningli Wang, Christopher C. Teng, Gustavo V. De Moraes, Jost B. Jonas, Robert Ritch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Purpose: To investigate the frequency and clinical features of exfoliation syndrome (XFS) and exfoliative glaucoma (XFG) in northern China. Design: A retrospective medical chart review. Methods: The review was conducted in Beijing Tongren Hospital. Using diagnosis codes, all consecutive patients with XFS/XFG were included in the study. Exfoliation syndrome was diagnosed if the patient had exfoliationmaterial (XFM) on the pupillary margin or anterior lens capsule. Results: Of 73,976 inpatient records, 45 patients (75 eyes) with XFS/XFG were identified (27 men, 18 women). Exfoliation syndrome/XFG accounted for 0.55% (45/8205) of hospitalized patients with cataract aged 60 years or older. The mean (SD) age of the inpatients was 72.1 (8.1) years (range, 47Y85 years). Thirty-six patients had XFG, comprising 4.3% (36/838) of hospitalized patients with open-angle glaucoma. The presence of XFM on the pupillary margin (66.7%) and anterior lens surface (65.3%) were the most common features. Loss of pupillary ruff (13.3%) was uncommon. Increased pigmentation (49.3%) and flecks of XFM (9.3%) were seen on the trabecular meshwork, and 25 eyes (33.3%) had narrow angles. For those with bilateral XFS/XFG (66.7%, 30/45), 7 patients had bilateral XFS, 15 patients had bilateral XFG, and 8 patients had XFS in 1 eye but XFG in another eye. Twenty-two patients (44.4%) had hypertension, and 7 (15.6%) had ischemic heart diseases. Conclusions: Exfoliation syndrome/XFG is still uncommon in the northern Chinese population. Its major clinical characteristics are the deposit of XFM on the pupil rim or anterior lens surface and increased trabecular meshwork pigmentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-88
Number of pages3
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical sign
  • Exfoliation syndrome
  • Exfoliative glaucoma
  • Northern China
  • Prevalence


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