Clinical outcomes in cancer patients with COVID-19

Amelia Sawyers, Margaret Chou, Paul Johannet, Nicholas Gulati, Yingzhi Qian, Judy Zhong, Iman Osman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Early reports on cancer patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) corroborated speculation that cancer patients are at increased risk for becoming infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and developing severe COVID-19. However, cancer patients are a heterogeneous population and their corresponding risk may be different. Aim: To compare COVID-19 presentation in patients with active malignancy to those with a history of cancer to determine the impact of cancer status on COVID-19 outcomes in the two groups. Methods and results: Of the 6724 patients who were hospitalized at NYU Langone Health (3/16/20-7/31/20) and tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, 580 had either active cancer (n = 221) or a history of cancer (n = 359). We compared the baseline clinicodemographic characteristics and hospital courses of the two groups. We studied the relationship between cancer status and the rate of admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), use of invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), and all-cause mortality. The two groups had similar laboratory results associated with COVID-19 infection, incidence of venous thromboembolism, and incidence of severe COVID-19. Active cancer status was not associated with the rate of ICU admission (p =.307) or use of IMV (p =.236), but was significantly associated with worse all-cause mortality in both univariate and multivariate analysis with odds ratios of 1.48 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04–2.09; p =.028) and 1.71 (95% CI: 1.12–2.63; p =.014), respectively. Conclusion: Active cancer patients had worse survival outcomes compared to patients with a history of cancer despite similar COVID-19 disease characteristics in the two groups. Our data suggest that cancer care should continue with minimal interruptions during the pandemic to bring about response and remission as soon as possible.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1413
JournalCancer Reports
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Clinical outcomes in cancer patients with COVID-19'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this