The retinoblastoma (RB) protein levels in blast-enriched mononu-clear fractions from the peripheral blood of 33 newly diagnosed patients with acute myelogenous leukemia were studied. Ten patients who had previously been treated were also analyzed, nine of whom had achieved prior complete remission. Low RB protein expression was found in 13 of 43 (30%) of the acute myelogenous leukemia patients as determined by Western blotting and immunochemical analysis. Of particular interest among the 20 newly diagnosed patients treated with the same therapeutic regimen, the median survival was 39 days for those with low RB protein expression compared to 333 days for those with high levels of RB protein expression in their leukemic cells (P < 0.02). This preliminary study suggests that decreases of RB protein expression in peripheral blood of myeloid leukemic cells occur frequently and may be associated with shortened survival of acute myelogenous leukemia patients.
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|Published - Sep 1992