Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is well recognized as a frequent comorbidity of psoriasis with important implications for efficacy and safety of psoriasis treatment. The presence of concomitant MetS is associated with decreased efficacy response to biologic treatment for psoriasis in observational studies. In post hoc analyses of clinical trial data, the anti–IL-23p19 antibody tildrakizumab appears to maintain efficacy in patients compared to those without MetS; no published subgroup analyses by MetS status are yet available for other biologics. However, there is some evidence that obese patients have decreased psoriasis treatment efficacy with biologics with certain mechanisms of action relative to overweight patients. This confounds interpretation of the effect of MetS due to the association between MetS and body weight. Because of the association between MetS and cardiovascular risk, treatment of psoriasis in patients with concomitant MetS requires special consideration for cardiovascular safety and attention to potential for exacerbation of MetS and related conditions, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Additional studies are needed to clarify the risks for treatment failure and cardiovascular safety concerns in patients with psoriasis and concomitant MetS.
- Biologic therapy
- Metabolic syndrome