Spine surgery patients with a history of organ transplantation are a complex population due to their unique anesthetic considerations, immunologic profiles, drug interactions, and potential organ dysfunction. It is common for these patients to develop neck/back pain and pathology that warrants surgical intervention. However, there is a relative dearth of literature examining their outcomes and clinical considerations. The purpose of this protocol is to investigate their clinical outcomes following spine surgery and medical management. We perform a systematic literature search using PRISMA-ScR guidelines to include case reports, cohort studies, and retrospective analyses. The search terms include kidney, liver, heart, pancreas, lung, and bone marrow for transplants of interest and contain an extensive list of terms covering spine surgery. The search is conducted using Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. A thorough examination of titles and abstracts is performed followed by data extraction. The data points include patient demographics, past medical history, spine procedural information, and clinical outcomes. This systematic review will aid clinicians in identifying demographics, medical management, and clinical outcomes for spine surgery patients with a previous organ transplant. These findings will highlight the gaps in the knowledge of this complex population and stimulate further research.
- patient outcomes
- spine surgery