Cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA+) T cells are specialized for skin homing and represent the main T-cell population in atopic dermatitis (AD) lesions. CLA+ is expressed on the surface of circulating CD45RO+ memory T cells and most skin-infiltrating T cells. Mechanistic studies and thus treatment advancements are limited by the need of large number of skin biopsies. Circulating CLA+ T cells may be a reliable surrogate marker of the inflammatory events occurring in the skin, and thus, the evaluation of CLA+ T cells in the blood may eliminate the need for skin biopsies. Preliminary work in AD has established that disease-associated T-cell abnormalities can be approached by either a study of skin lesions or activated CLA+ T-cell subsets in peripheral blood. Future studies in adults and children, across different skin disorders, correlating blood and skin phenotypes and determining skin-homing T-cell functional properties are needed to establish whether CLA+ memory subsets can be used as biomarkers and a substitute for skin biopsies. This review summarizes the latest advancements reached on circulating CLA+ in AD and the great potential they harbor in understanding AD mechanisms.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|State||Published - 1 Mar 2017|
- T cells
- atopic dermatitis