Chronic Pain, Chronic Opioid Addiction: a Complex Nexus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Over the past two decades, there has been a significant increase in the prescribing of opioids, with associated increases in opioid addiction and overdose deaths. This article reviews the evidence for the effectiveness and risk of developing an opioid use disorder (OUD) in those patients treated with chronic opioid therapy (COT) for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP). Rates of development of OUD range from 0–50 %, and aberrant drug related behaviors (ADRBs) are reported to be 20 %. Health care providers must properly assess, screen, and carefully monitor patients on COT utilizing evidence-based tools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-57
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Medical Toxicology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Addiction
  • Alcohol dependence
  • Chronic pain
  • Drug dependence
  • Toxicology


Dive into the research topics of 'Chronic Pain, Chronic Opioid Addiction: a Complex Nexus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this