Chronic eosinophilic leukemia with the FIP1L1-PDGFRα fusion gene in a patient with a history of combination chemotherapy

Yasuhiro Tanaka, Masayuki Kurata, Katsuhiro Togami, Haruyuki Fujita, Naoko Watanabe, Akiko Matsushita, Akinori Maeda, Kenichi Nagai, Akiko Sada, Toshimitsu Matsui, Takayuki Takahashi

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15 Scopus citations


Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) was diagnosed in December 2000 in a 43-year-old man on the basis of persistent eosinophilia (11.7 × 10 9/L) and a normal karyotype of the bone marrow cells. He had developed intra-abdominal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and in 1992 had received 3 courses of combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin (Adriamycin), cyclophosphamide, vincristine, methotrexate, bleomycin, and prednisolone. The patient was orally given prednisolone (10 mg/day) and cyclophosphamide (50 mg/day) as HES treatment without a subsequent improvement of the eosinophilia. In May 2003, anemia (hemoglobin, 7.9 g/dL) and thrombocytopenia (65 × 109/L) manifested with progressive eosinophilia (21.0 × 10 9/L) and a small number of blasts. The patient became febrile and was admitted in July 2003. Cytogenetic reexamination of the bone marrow cells disclosed the deletion of 4q12, indicating the presence of a fusion of the Fip1-like 1 (FIP1L1) gene to the platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) gene and consequently the clonal nature of his hematopoietic cells. DNA sequence analysis demonstrated that the breakpoints of the FIP1L1 and PDGFRα genes were present in exon 9 and exon 12, respectively. Treatment with imatinib mesylate (300 mg/day) promptly brought about complete remission. Although a number of similar eosinophilic cases have been reported, our patient may be the first such patient with a history of chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-155
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Hematology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic eosinophilic leukemia
  • FIP1L1-PDGFRα fusion gene
  • Hypereosinophilic syndrome
  • Imatinib mesylate
  • Secondary leukemia


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