Chromatoid Body Protein TDRD6 Supports Long 3’ UTR Triggered Nonsense Mediated mRNA Decay

Grigorios Fanourgakis, Mathias Lesche, Müge Akpinar, Andreas Dahl, Rolf Jessberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chromatoid bodies (CBs) are spermiogenesis-specific organelles of largely unknown function. CBs harbor various RNA species, RNA-associated proteins and proteins of the tudor domain family like TDRD6, which is required for a proper CB architecture. Proteome analysis of purified CBs revealed components of the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) machinery including UPF1. TDRD6 is essential for UPF1 localization to CBs, for UPF1-UPF2 and UPF1-MVH interactions. Upon removal of TDRD6, the association of several mRNAs with UPF1 and UPF2 is disturbed, and the long 3’ UTR-stimulated but not the downstream exon-exon junction triggered pathway of NMD is impaired. Reduced association of the long 3’ UTR mRNAs with UPF1 and UPF2 correlates with increased stability and enhanced translational activity. Thus, we identified TDRD6 within CBs as required for mRNA degradation, specifically the extended 3’ UTR-triggered NMD pathway, and provide evidence for the requirement of NMD in spermiogenesis. This function depends on TDRD6-promoted assembly of mRNA and decay enzymes in CBs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1005857
JournalPLoS Genetics
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2016
Externally publishedYes

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