The neuro-intestinal peptide hormone cholecystokinin (CCK)/gastrin has been suggested to have a trophic effect on gastro-intestinal tract in vivo as well as in vitro. In the present study, the human CCK-B/gastrin receptor was expressed in mouse NIH3T3 fibroblasts to investigate the molecular basis of signal transduction pathway of the guanine nucleotide regulatory protein (G protein)-coupled receptor. Human CCK-B/gastrin receptor expressed in NIH3T3 cells coupled efficiently to phosphoinositide hydrolysis and mobilization of intracellular Ca2+, and transduced mitogenic signals assessed by [3H]thymidine incorporation in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, CCK-8 or gastrin I alone promoted the cell growth in serum-free medium. CCK-8 induced tyrosine phosphorylation of several protein species. Among them, mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase was tyrosine phosphorylated and activated in response to CCK-8, as was induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). In contrast, tyrosine phosphorylation of p125(FAK) (focal adhesion kinase) was induced by CCK-8 but not by PDGF. CCK-8 as well as gastrin I induced the expression of early responsive genes such as c-fos and c-myc. These results suggest that CCK-B/gastrin receptors might transmit mitogenic signals by cross-talking with the tyrosine kinase cascades.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1994|