Children's environment and health in Latin America: The Ecuadorian case

Raul A. Harari, Homero Harari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Environmental health problems of children in Latin America and Ecuador are complex due to the close relationship that exists between social and environmental factors. Extended poverty and basic problems, such as the lack of drinking water and sanitation, are common. Infectious diseases are the greatest cause of morbidity and mortality among children. Development in industry and the introduction of chemical substances in agriculture add new risks including pesticide use, heavy metal exposure, and air pollution. Major problems can be divided into (a) lack of basic infrastructure, (b) poor living conditions, (c) specific environmental problems, and (d) child labor. Reproductive health disorders are frequent in developing countries like Ecuador. Issues related to children's health should consider new approaches, creative methodologies, and the search for independent predictors to separate environmental from social problems. Only with knowledge of the specific contribution of each factor, can it be possible to develop a strategy for prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLiving in a Chemical World
Subtitle of host publicationFraming the Future in Light of the Past
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Inc.
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)1573316539, 9781573316538
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
ISSN (Print)0077-8923
ISSN (Electronic)1749-6632


  • Child health
  • Child labor
  • Infrastruction
  • Malnutrition
  • Poverty


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