Childhood overeating is associated with adverse cardiometabolic and inflammatory profiles in adolescence

Christopher Hübel, Moritz Herle, Diana L. Santos Ferreira, Mohamed Abdulkadir, Rachel Bryant-Waugh, Ruth J.F. Loos, Cynthia M. Bulik, Deborah A. Lawlor, Nadia Micali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Childhood eating behaviour contributes to the rise of obesity and related noncommunicable disease worldwide. However, we lack a deep understanding of biochemical alterations that can arise from aberrant eating behaviour. In this study, we prospectively associate longitudinal trajectories of childhood overeating, undereating, and fussy eating with metabolic markers at age 16 years to explore adolescent metabolic alterations related to specific eating patterns in the first 10 years of life. Data are from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n = 3104). We measure 158 metabolic markers with a high-throughput (1H) NMR metabolomics platform. Increasing childhood overeating is prospectively associated with an adverse cardiometabolic profile (i.e., hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipoproteinemia) in adolescence; whereas undereating and fussy eating are associated with lower concentrations of the amino acids glutamine and valine, suggesting a potential lack of micronutrients. Here, we show associations between early behavioural indicators of eating and metabolic markers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12478
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

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