Characteristics and 2-year outcomes of dabigatran treatment in patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation: GLORIA-AF

Sergio J. Dubner, Christine Teutsch, Menno V. Huisman, Hans Christoph Diener, Jonathan Halperin, Kenneth J. Rothman, Chang Sheng Ma, Eduardo Chuquiure-Valenzuela, Jutta Bergler-Klein, Kristina Zint, Lionel Riou França, Shihai Lu, Miney Paquette, Gregory Y.H. Lip

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6 Scopus citations


Aims: This study aimed to describe baseline characteristics of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) at risk of stroke with and without history of heart failure (HF) and report 2-year outcomes in the dabigatran-treated subset of a prospective, global, observational study (GLORIA-AF). Methods and results: Newly diagnosed patients with AF and CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 1 were consecutively enrolled. Baseline characteristics were assessed by the presence or absence of HF diagnosis at enrolment. Incidence rates for outcomes in dabigatran-treated patients were estimated with and without standardization by stroke (excluding HF component) and bleeding risk scores. A total of 15 308 eligible patients were enrolled, including 15 154 with known HF status; of these, 3679 (24.0%) had been diagnosed with HF, 11 475 (75.0%) had not. Among 4873 dabigatran-treated patients, 1169 (24.0%) had HF, and 3658 (75.1%) did not; the risk of stroke was high (CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 2) for 94.3% of patients with HF and 85.8% without, while 6.0% and 7.0%, respectively, had a high bleeding risk (HAS-BLED ≥ 3). Incidence rates of all-cause death in dabigatran-treated patients with and without HF, standardized for CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores, were 4.76 vs. 1.80 per 100 patient years (py), with roughly comparable rates of stroke (0.82 vs. 0.60 per 100 py) and major bleeding (1.20 vs. 0.92 per 100 py). Conclusions: Patients with AF and history of HF may have greater disease burden at AF diagnosis and increased mortality rates vs. patients without HF. Stroke and major bleeding rates were roughly comparable between groups confirming the long-term safety and effectiveness of dabigatran in patients with HF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2679-2689
Number of pages11
JournalESC heart failure
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Anticoagulation
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Dabigatran
  • Heart failure
  • Major bleed
  • Stroke


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