Characteristic histologic triad in liver adjacent to metastatic neoplasm

MICHAEL A. GERBER, SWAN N. THUNG, HENRY C. BODENHEIMER, BARBARA KAPELMAN, FENTON SCHAFFNER

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29 Scopus citations

Abstract

ABSTRACT— More than 25% of undirected percutaneous liver needle biopsies that are performed in search of metastatic neoplasms yield false negative specimens. Often, however, histologic changes are observed in the liver adjacent to space‐occupying lesions due to focal obstruction of bile and blood flow. These alterations were defined by semi‐quantitative evaluation of 20 liver biopsy specimens with metastatic neoplasms, and revealed a characteristic histologic triad consisting of proliferated and abnormal bile ductules, polymorphonuclear leukocytes in edematous portal tracts and focal sinusoidal dilatation. When 15 patients with this combination of histologic alterations, but without malignant cells in liver biopsy specimens, were investigated prospectively, 13 patients (87%) were found to have hepatic metastases. Therefore, the observation of the histologic triad described here should lead to a continued search for space‐occupying lesions in the liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-88
Number of pages4
JournalLiver
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1986

Keywords

  • liver biopsy
  • metastatic tumor
  • obstruction

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