Changes in anatomical brain connectivity between ages 12 and 30: A HARDI study of 467 adolescents and adults

Emily L. Dennis, Neda Jahanshad, Arthur W. Toga, Kori Johnson, Katie L. McMahon, Greig I. De Zubicaray, Nicholas G. Martin, Ian B. Hickie, Margaret J. Wright, Paul M. Thompson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graph theory can be applied to matrices that represent the brain's anatomical connections, to better understand global properties of anatomical networks, such as their clustering, efficiency and "small-world" topology. Network analysis is popular in adult studies of connectivity, but only one study - in just 30 subjects - has examined how network measures change as the brain develops over this period. Here we assessed the developmental trajectory of graph theory metrics of structural brain connectivity in a cross-sectional study of 467 subjects, aged 12 to 30. We computed network measures from 70×70 connectivity matrices of fiber density generated using whole-brain tractography in 4-Tesla 105-gradient high angular resolution diffusion images (HARDI). We assessed global efficiency and modularity, and both age and age 2 effects were identified. HARDI-based connectivity maps are sensitive to the remodeling and refinement of structural brain connections as the human brain develops.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 9th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Nano to Macro, ISBI 2012 - Proceedings
Pages904-907
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event2012 9th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2012 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 2 May 20125 May 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
ISSN (Print)1945-7928
ISSN (Electronic)1945-8452

Conference

Conference2012 9th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2012
Country/TerritorySpain
CityBarcelona
Period2/05/125/05/12

Keywords

  • development
  • graph theory
  • high angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI)
  • network analyses
  • structural connectivity
  • tractography

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