Challenges and opportunities for cardiovascular disease prevention

Manuel Franco, Richard S. Cooper, Usama Bilal, Valentn Fuster

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are highly preventable, yet they remain the most common cause of death in the world. The epidemic is receding in industrialized countries; however, many low-income and middle-income countries have experienced an increase in cardiovascular diseases and 80% of all cardiovascular diseases deaths occur there. In the last 20 years, the epidemiology and surveillance of cardiovascular diseases have laid the foundations for public health interventions that may reduce the burden of disease. Relevant population-specific local data are therefore needed to describe the trends and pattern of risk for atherosclerotic diseases. Once the basis for surveillance and epidemiological research has been laid, cardiovascular disease prevention will require approaches adapted for each individual and population. The existence of effective preventive interventions justifies the assertion that coronary heart disease and stroke could be virtually prevented and controlled. Our goal in this review is to summarize the current challenges and opportunities for cardiovascular medicine, focusing on the need for high-quality local surveillance systems that provide the appropriate data needed to develop sound national cardiovascular disease preventive policies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume124
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Epidemiology
  • Global health
  • Health policy
  • Prevention
  • Surveillance

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