Chains of risk for alcohol use disorder: Mediators of exposure to neighborhood deprivation in early and middle childhood

Katherine J. Karriker-Jaffe, Sara L. Lönn, Won K. Cook, Kenneth S. Kendler, Kristina Sundquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our goal was to test a cascade model to identify developmental pathways, or chains of risk, from neighborhood deprivation in childhood to alcohol use disorder (AUD) in young adulthood. Using Swedish general population data, we examined whether exposure to neighborhood deprivation during early and middle childhood was associated with indicators of social functioning in adolescence and emerging adulthood, and whether these were predictive of AUD. Structural equation models showed exposure to neighborhood deprivation was associated with lower school achievement during adolescence, poor social functioning during emerging adulthood, and the development of AUD for both males and females. Understanding longitudinal pathways from early exposure to adverse environments to later AUD can inform prevention and intervention efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-26
Number of pages11
JournalHealth and Place
Volume50
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorder
  • Neighborhood deprivation
  • Social functioning
  • Sweden

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