Abstract

Significance StatementThe renal immune infiltrate observed in autosomal polycystic kidney disease contributes to the evolution of the disease. Elucidating the cellular mechanisms underlying the inflammatory response could help devise new therapeutic strategies. Here, we provide evidence for a mechanistic link between the deficiency polycystin-1 and mitochondrial homeostasis and the activation of the cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate synthase (cGAS)/stimulator of the interferon genes (STING) pathway. Our data identify cGAS as an important mediator of renal cystogenesis and suggest that its inhibition may be useful to slow down the disease progression.BackgroundImmune cells significantly contribute to the progression of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the most common genetic disorder of the kidney caused by the dysregulation of the Pkd1 or Pkd2 genes. However, the mechanisms triggering the immune cells recruitment and activation are undefined.MethodsImmortalized murine collecting duct cell lines were used to dissect the molecular mechanism of cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate synthase (cGAS) activation in the context of genotoxic stress induced by Pkd1 ablation. We used conditional Pkd1 and knockout cGas-/-genetic mouse models to confirm the role of cGAS/stimulator of the interferon genes (STING) pathway activation on the course of renal cystogenesis.ResultsWe show that Pkd1-deficient renal tubular cells express high levels of cGAS, the main cellular sensor of cytosolic nucleic acid and a potent stimulator of proinflammatory cytokines. Loss of Pkd1 directly affects cGAS expression and nuclear translocation, as well as activation of the cGAS/STING pathway, which is reversed by cGAS knockdown or functional pharmacological inhibition. These events are tightly linked to the loss of mitochondrial structure integrity and genotoxic stress caused by Pkd1 depletion because they can be reverted by the potent antioxidant mitoquinone or by the re-expression of the polycystin-1 carboxyl terminal tail. The genetic inactivation of cGAS in a rapidly progressing ADPKD mouse model significantly reduces cystogenesis and preserves normal organ function.ConclusionsOur findings indicate that the activation of the cGAS/STING pathway contributes to ADPKD cystogenesis through the control of the immune response associated with the loss of Pkd1 and suggest that targeting this pathway may slow disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-482
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • ADPKD
  • cystic kidney disease
  • genetic renal disease
  • mitochondria
  • molecular biology

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