Cerebrovascular reactivity deficits in cognitively unimpaired older adults: vasodilatory versus vasoconstrictive responses

Belinda Yew, Jung Yun Jang, Shubir Dutt, Yanrong Li, Isabel J. Sible, Aimée Gaubert, Jean K. Ho, Anna E. Blanken, Anisa Marshall, Xingfeng Shao, Danny J.J. Wang, Daniel A. Nation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) deficits may index vulnerability to vascular brain injury and cognitive impairment, but findings on age-related changes in CVR have been mixed, and no studies to date have directly compared age-related changes in CVR to hypercapnia versus hypocapnia. The present study compared CVR in 31 cognitively unimpaired older adults (ages 55–87) and 30 healthy younger adults (ages 18–28). Breath control tasks induced CVR to hypocapnia (0.1 Hz paced breathing) and hypercapnia (15s breath holds) during pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling MRI. Relative to younger adults, cognitively unimpaired older adults displayed lower levels of global CVR under both hypocapnia and hypercapnia. In region-of-interest analyses, older adults exhibited attenuated CVR to hypocapnia in select frontal and temporal regions, and lower CVR to hypercapnia in all cortical, limbic, and subcortical regions examined, relative to younger adults. Results indicate age-related deficits in CVR are detectible even in cognitively unimpaired older adults and are disproportionately related to vasodilatory (hypercapnia) responses relative to vasoconstrictive (hypocapnia) responses. Findings may offer means for early detection of cerebrovascular dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume113
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Cerebrovascular reactivity
  • Cerebrovascular reserve
  • Hypercapnia
  • Hypocapnia
  • Older adults

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