Centrally mediated disorders of gastrointestinal pain

Laurie Keefer, Douglas A. Drossman, Elspeth Guthrie, Magnus Simrén, Kirsten Tillisch, Kevin Olden, Peter J. Whorwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Centrally mediated abdominal pain syndrome, formerly known as functional abdominal pain syndrome, can be distinguished from other functional gastrointestinal disorders by its strong central component and relative independence from motility disturbances. Centrally mediated abdominal pain syndrome is a result of central sensitization with disinhibition of pain signals rather than increased peripheral afferent excitability. A newly described condition, narcotic bowel syndrome/opioid-induced gastrointestinal hyperalgesia, is characterized by the paradoxical development of, or increases in, abdominal pain associated with continuous or increasing dosages of opioids. Patients only have relief when opioids are withdrawn. We define both conditions in the context of epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical evaluation, and treatment, emphasizing the importance of a physician-patient relationship in all aspects of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1408-1419
Number of pages12
JournalGastroenterology
Volume150
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Centrally Mediated Pain
  • Chronic Abdominal Pain
  • Functional Abdominal Pain
  • Narcotic Bowel
  • Rome IV

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