Central retinal vein occlusion after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in an 18-year-Old female

Michael J. Ammar, Connie M. Wu, Matthew R. Starr, Carl D. Regillo

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Abstract

Purpose: To describe a case of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in a young adult found to have elevated homocysteine after bariatric surgery and to review risk factors for CRVO in younger patients. Observations: An 18-year-old female presented with a CRVO and severe cystoid macular edema (CME). She was normotensive, not on medications, and without known heritable hypercoagulable disease. Her medical history was notable for bariatric surgery and subsequently she was found to have nutritional deficiency, anemia, and elevated homocysteine. Her elevated homocysteine may have induced a hypercoaguable state that predisposed her to developing a CRVO. Treatment with bevacizumab dramatically improved her macular edema and visual acuity. Nutritional supplementation was initiated. Conclusions: Elevated homocysteine in the setting of nutritional deficiency from prior bariatric surgery may cause a hypercoaguable state and is a potential risk factor for CRVO. Importance: With the increasing prevalence of obesity and bariatric surgery, it is important to consider associated nutrient deficiency as a potential cause of induced hypercoagulability and increased risk for CRVO. Identification of these at-risk patients is especially important given this condition is easily treatable and may be present in younger individuals. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a CRVO with elevated homocysteine in the setting of nutrient deficiencies from laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101165
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • CRVO
  • Central retinal vein occlusion
  • Homocysteine
  • Nutritional deficiency

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