Central Retinal Artery Visualization with Cone-Beam CT Angiography

Eytan Raz, Maksim Shapiro, Timothy M. Shepherd, Erez Nossek, Shadi Yaghi, Doria M. Gold, Koto Ishida, Janet C. Rucker, Irina Belinsky, Eleanore Kim, Brian Mac Grory, Osman Mir, Mari Hagiwara, Shashank Agarwal, Matthew G. Young, Steven L. Galetta, Peter Kim Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There are multiple tools available to visualize the retinal and choroidal vasculature of the posterior globe. However, there are currently no reliable in vivo imaging techniques that can visualize the entire retrobulbar course of the retinal and ciliary vessels. Purpose: To identify and characterize the central retinal artery (CRA) using cone-beam CT (CBCT) images obtained as part of diagnostic cerebral angiography. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, patients with catheter DSA performed between October 2019 and October 2020 were included if CBCT angiography included the orbit in the field of view. The CBCT angiography data sets were postprocessed with a small field-of-view volume centered in the posterior globe to a maximum resolution of 0.2 mm. The following were evaluated: CRA origin, CRA course, CRA point of penetration into the optic nerve sheath, bifurcation of the CRA at the papilla, visualization of anatomic variants, and visualization of the central retinal vein. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results: Twenty-one patients with 24 visualized orbits were included in the analysis (mean age, 55 years 6 15; 14 women). Indications for angiography were as follows: Diagnostic angiography (n = 8), aneurysm treatment (n = 6), or other (n = 7). The CRA was identified in all orbits; the origin, course, point of penetration of the CRA into the optic nerve sheath, and termination in the papilla were visualized in all orbits. The average length of the intraneural segment was 10.6 mm (range, 7-18 mm). The central retinal vein was identified in six of 24 orbits. Conclusion: Cone-beam CT, performed during diagnostic angiography, consistently demonstrated the in vivo central retinal artery, demonstrating excellent potential for multiple diagnostic and therapeutic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalRadiology
Volume302
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

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