Cell transcriptional state alters genomic patterns of DNA double-strand break repair in human astrocytes

Raymund L. Yong, Chunzhang Yang, Jie Lu, Huaien Wang, Cody D. Schlaff, Anita Tandle, Christian A. Graves, Abdel G. Elkahloun, Xiaoyuan Chen, Zhengping Zhuang, Russell R. Lonser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The misrepair of DNA double-strand breaks in close spatial proximity within the nucleus can result in chromosomal rearrangements that are important in the pathogenesis of haematopoietic and solid malignancies. It is unknown why certain epigenetic states, such as those found in stem or progenitor cells, appear to facilitate neoplastic transformation. Here we show that altering the transcriptional state of human astrocytes alters patterns of DNA damage repair from ionizing radiation at a gene locus-specific and genome-wide level. Astrocytes induced into a reactive state exhibit increased DNA repair, compared with non-reactive cells, in actively transcribed chromatin after irradiation. In mapping these repair sites, we identify misrepair events and repair hotspots that are unique to each state. The precise characterization of genomic regions susceptible to mutation in specific transcriptional states provides new opportunities for addressing clonal evolution in solid cancers, in particular those where double-strand break induction is a cornerstone of clinical intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5799
JournalNature Communications
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2014

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