CDK4/6 inhibition on glucose and pancreatic beta cell homeostasis in young and aged rats

Aida I. Sacaan, Stephane Thibault, Miyoun Hong, Nagesha G. Kondegowda, Tim Nichols, Rosemary Li, Carolina Rosselot, Winston Evering, Rafael Fenutria, Allison Vitsky, Thomas Brown, Martin Finkelstein, Adolfo Garcia-Ocaña, Nasir Khan, Andrew F. Stewart, Rupangi C. Vasavada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic deletion of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4) is associated with pancreatic beta cell loss and glucose dysregulation in rodents. Palbociclib, one of the first selective CDK4/6 inhibitors approved for the treatment of advanced breast cancer, is currently being investigated as an adjuvant treatment in patients with early-stage breast cancer and in a variety of cancers covering a wide-range of patient populations. Hence, longer chronic toxicity studies were necessary to further examine its safety profile. The effects of different doses and duration of palbociclib administration on glucose and beta cell homeostasis in young (two months) versus aged (12 months) rats was compared. Glucose dysregulation, due to pancreatic beta cell degeneration, was observed in young rats administered the highest dose of palbociclib for 6 months. Abnormal pancreatic islet histology and activation of the endoplasmic reticulum stress response in beta cells were detected after shorter administration with high-dose palbociclib in young rats. To test the hypothesis that palbociclib-associated inhibition of beta cell proliferation will more profoundly affect younger animals that have not achieved replicative quiescence, we administered high-dose palbociclib to aged rats for 6 months. In contrast to the young rats, despite equivalent exposures to palbociclib, no evidence of impaired glucose tolerance, hypoinsulinemia, beta cell vacuolization, or beta cell loss was seen in aged rats. Palbociclib administration induces beta cell failure in young but not aged rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1531-1541
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

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